An assembly of meshed gears comprising a central or sun gear, a coaxial internal or ring equipment, and one or more intermediate pinions supported upon a revolving carrier. Sometimes the word planetary gear teach can be used broadly as a synonym for epicyclic equipment teach, or narrowly to point that the ring equipment is the fixed member. In a simple planetary gear teach the pinions mesh at the same time with both coaxial gears (see illustration). With the central equipment fixed, a pinion rotates about it as a Planetary Gear Transmission planet rotates about its sunlight, and the gears are called accordingly: the central gear is the sun, and the pinions will be the planets.
This is a concise, ‘single’ stage planetary gearset where in fact the output comes from another ring gear varying a few teeth from the primary.
With the initial style of 18 sun teeth, 60 band teeth, and 3 planets, this led to a ‘single’ stage gear reduced amount of -82.33:1.
A regular planetary gearset of the size could have a decrease ratio of 4.33:1.
That is a good deal of torque in a little package.
At Nominal Voltage
Voltage (Nominal) 12V
Voltage Range (Recommended) 3V – 12V
Speed (No Load)* 52 rpm
Current (No Load)* 0.21A
Current (Stall)* 4.9A
Torque (Stall)* 291.6 oz-in (21 kgf-cm)
Gear Ratio 231:1
Gear Material Metal
Gearbox Style Planetary
Motor Type DC
Output Shaft Diameter 4mm (0.1575”)
Output Shaft Style D-shaft
Result Shaft Support Dual Ball Bearing
Electrical Connection Male Spade Terminal
Operating Temperature -10 ~ +60°C
Mounting Screw Size M2 x 0.4mm
Product Weight 100g (3.53oz)
Within an epicyclic or planetary gear train, several spur gears distributed evenly around the circumference operate between a gear with internal teeth and a gear with exterior teeth on a concentric orbit. The circulation of the spur equipment occurs in analogy to the orbiting of the planets in the solar program. This is how planetary gears obtained their name.
The elements of a planetary gear train can be divided into four main constituents.
The housing with integrated internal teeth is actually a ring gear. In the majority of cases the housing is fixed. The generating sun pinion is usually in the heart of the ring gear, and is coaxially organized with regards to the output. Sunlight pinion is usually mounted on a clamping system to be able to offer the mechanical link with the motor shaft. During procedure, the planetary gears, which are mounted on a planetary carrier, roll between the sun pinion and the ring equipment. The planetary carrier also represents the result shaft of the gearbox.
The sole purpose of the planetary gears is to transfer the required torque. The number of teeth does not have any effect on the tranny ratio of the gearbox. The number of planets can also vary. As the amount of planetary gears increases, the distribution of the load increases and then the torque that can be transmitted. Increasing the amount of tooth engagements also decreases the rolling power. Since just part of the total result needs to be transmitted as rolling power, a planetary equipment is extremely efficient. The benefit of a planetary equipment compared to an individual spur gear is based on this load distribution. Hence, it is feasible to transmit high torques wit
h high efficiency with a compact style using planetary gears.
Provided that the ring gear has a constant size, different ratios could be realized by varying the number of teeth of sunlight gear and the number of tooth of the planetary gears. The smaller the sun gear, the higher the ratio. Technically, a meaningful ratio range for a planetary stage is definitely approx. 3:1 to 10:1, since the planetary gears and the sun gear are extremely little above and below these ratios. Higher ratios can be acquired by connecting a number of planetary levels in series in the same band gear. In cases like this, we speak of multi-stage gearboxes.
With planetary gearboxes the speeds and torques can be overlaid by having a band gear that’s not fixed but is driven in any direction of rotation. Additionally it is possible to fix the drive shaft in order to grab the torque via the band equipment. Planetary gearboxes have grown to be extremely important in many regions of mechanical engineering.
They have grown to be particularly more developed in areas where high output levels and fast speeds should be transmitted with favorable mass inertia ratio adaptation. High transmitting ratios can also easily be performed with planetary gearboxes. Because of their positive properties and compact design, the gearboxes possess many potential uses in commercial applications.
The advantages of planetary gearboxes:
Coaxial arrangement of input shaft and output shaft
Load distribution to several planetary gears
High efficiency due to low rolling power
Almost unlimited transmission ratio options due to combination of several planet stages
Suitable as planetary switching gear because of fixing this or that part of the gearbox
Chance for use as overriding gearbox
Favorable volume output
Suitability for an array of applications
Within an epicyclic or planetary gear train, several spur gears distributed evenly around the circumference run between a gear with internal teeth and a gear with external teeth on a concentric orbit. The circulation of the spur gear takes place in analogy to the orbiting of the planets in the solar program. This is one way planetary gears obtained their name.
The parts of a planetary gear train can be divided into four main constituents.
The housing with integrated internal teeth is actually a ring gear. In the majority of cases the housing is fixed. The traveling sun pinion can be in the center of the ring gear, and is coaxially arranged with regards to the output. The sun pinion is usually mounted on a clamping system to be able to provide the mechanical link with the motor shaft. During procedure, the planetary gears, which are mounted on a planetary carrier, roll between your sun pinion and the ring gear. The planetary carrier also represents the result shaft of the gearbox.
The sole purpose of the planetary gears is to transfer the mandatory torque. The number of teeth does not have any effect on the tranny ratio of the gearbox. The amount of planets may also vary. As the number of planetary gears raises, the distribution of the strain increases and then the torque which can be transmitted. Increasing the number of tooth engagements also decreases the rolling power. Since just section of the total result needs to be transmitted as rolling power, a planetary equipment is incredibly efficient. The advantage of a planetary equipment compared to an individual spur gear is based on this load distribution. Hence, it is possible to transmit high torques wit
h high efficiency with a compact design using planetary gears.
So long as the ring gear has a constant size, different ratios can be realized by different the amount of teeth of the sun gear and the amount of teeth of the planetary gears. The smaller the sun equipment, the greater the ratio. Technically, a meaningful ratio range for a planetary stage is definitely approx. 3:1 to 10:1, because the planetary gears and the sun gear are extremely little above and below these ratios. Higher ratios can be acquired by connecting many planetary phases in series in the same band gear. In this case, we speak of multi-stage gearboxes.
With planetary gearboxes the speeds and torques could be overlaid by having a band gear that is not set but is driven in virtually any direction of rotation. Additionally it is possible to fix the drive shaft in order to grab the torque via the ring equipment. Planetary gearboxes have become extremely important in lots of regions of mechanical engineering.
They have grown to be particularly more developed in areas where high output levels and fast speeds should be transmitted with favorable mass inertia ratio adaptation. High transmitting ratios may also easily be achieved with planetary gearboxes. Because of their positive properties and small design, the gearboxes possess many potential uses in commercial applications.
The advantages of planetary gearboxes:
Coaxial arrangement of input shaft and output shaft
Load distribution to many planetary gears
High efficiency due to low rolling power
Almost unlimited transmission ratio options due to mixture of several planet stages
Ideal as planetary switching gear due to fixing this or that section of the gearbox
Possibility of use as overriding gearbox
Favorable volume output
Suitability for an array of applications
Epicyclic gearbox can be an automatic type gearbox where parallel shafts and gears set up from manual equipment box are replaced with more compact and more dependable sun and planetary kind of gears arrangement as well as the manual clutch from manual power teach is definitely replaced with hydro coupled clutch or torque convertor which produced the transmission automatic.
The thought of epicyclic gear box is extracted from the solar system which is known as to an ideal arrangement of objects.
The epicyclic gearbox usually comes with the P N R D S (Parking, Neutral, Reverse, Drive, Sport) settings which is obtained by fixing of sun and planetary gears based on the require of the drive.
Within an epicyclic or planetary gear train, several spur gears distributed evenly around the circumference operate between a gear with internal teeth and a gear with exterior teeth on a concentric orbit. The circulation of the spur gear occurs in analogy to the orbiting of the planets in the solar program. This is how planetary gears acquired their name.
The elements of a planetary gear train can be divided into four main constituents.
The housing with integrated internal teeth is actually a ring gear. In the majority of cases the casing is fixed. The traveling sun pinion can be in the heart of the ring equipment, and is coaxially organized with regards to the output. Sunlight pinion is usually mounted on a clamping system in order to offer the mechanical connection to the motor shaft. During operation, the planetary gears, which are mounted on a planetary carrier, roll between your sunlight pinion and the ring gear. The planetary carrier also represents the output shaft of the gearbox.
The sole reason for the planetary gears is to transfer the required torque. The number of teeth has no effect on the transmitting ratio of the gearbox. The number of planets can also vary. As the amount of planetary gears raises, the distribution of the load increases and then the torque which can be transmitted. Raising the number of tooth engagements also decreases the rolling power. Since just area of the total output needs to be transmitted as rolling power, a planetary equipment is incredibly efficient. The benefit of a planetary equipment compared to an individual spur gear lies in this load distribution. Hence, it is possible to transmit high torques wit
h high efficiency with a compact design using planetary gears.
So long as the ring gear has a constant size, different ratios could be realized by varying the number of teeth of the sun gear and the number of the teeth of the planetary gears. The smaller the sun gear, the greater the ratio. Technically, a meaningful ratio range for a planetary stage can be approx. 3:1 to 10:1, because the planetary gears and sunlight gear are extremely little above and below these ratios. Higher ratios can be acquired by connecting many planetary stages in series in the same ring gear. In cases like this, we talk about multi-stage gearboxes.
With planetary gearboxes the speeds and torques can be overlaid by having a ring gear that’s not fixed but is driven in any direction of rotation. Additionally it is possible to repair the drive shaft to be able to grab the torque via the ring equipment. Planetary gearboxes have grown to be extremely important in lots of regions of mechanical engineering.
They have grown to be particularly well established in areas where high output levels and fast speeds should be transmitted with favorable mass inertia ratio adaptation. High transmission ratios can also easily be performed with planetary gearboxes. Because of the positive properties and compact design, the gearboxes have many potential uses in industrial applications.
The advantages of planetary gearboxes:
Coaxial arrangement of input shaft and output shaft
Load distribution to several planetary gears
High efficiency due to low rolling power
Almost unlimited transmission ratio options because of combination of several planet stages
Appropriate as planetary switching gear because of fixing this or that portion of the gearbox
Possibility of use as overriding gearbox
Favorable volume output
In a planetary gearbox, many teeth are engaged at once, which allows high speed reduction to be performed with fairly small gears and lower inertia reflected back again to the engine. Having multiple teeth share the load also allows planetary gears to transmit high degrees of torque. The combination of compact size, large speed reduction and high torque tranny makes planetary gearboxes a popular choice for space-constrained applications.
But planetary gearboxes do have some disadvantages. Their complexity in style and manufacturing tends to make them a far more expensive option than other gearbox types. And precision production is extremely important for these gearboxes. If one planetary equipment is positioned closer to sunlight gear than the others, imbalances in the planetary gears can occur, leading to premature wear and failing. Also, the compact footprint of planetary gears makes high temperature dissipation more difficult, so applications that operate at high speed or encounter continuous procedure may require cooling.
When using a “standard” (i.e. inline) planetary gearbox, the motor and the powered equipment should be inline with one another, although manufacturers offer right-angle designs that incorporate other gear sets (frequently bevel gears with helical the teeth) to provide an offset between your input and output.
Input power (max)27 kW (36 hp)
Input speed (max)2800 rpm2
Output torque (intermittent)12,880 Nm(9,500 lb-ft)
Output torque (continuous)8,135 Nm (6,000 lb-ft)
1 Actual ratio would depend on the drive configuration.
2 Max input speed linked to ratio and max result speed
3 Max radial load placed at optimum load position
4 Weight varies with configuration and ratio selected
5 Requires tapered roller planet bearings (unavailable with all ratios)
Approximate dry weight100 -181 kg (220 – 400 lb)4
Radial load (max)14,287kg (31,500 lb)3
Drive typeSpeed reducer
Hydraulic engine input SAE C or D hydraulic
A planetary transmission program (or Epicyclic system since it is also known), consists normally of a centrally pivoted sun gear, a ring gear and several world gears which rotate between these.
This assembly concept explains the term planetary transmission, as the planet gears rotate around the sun gear as in the astronomical sense the planets rotate around our sun.
The benefit of a planetary transmission depends upon load distribution over multiple planet gears. It is thereby feasible to transfer high torques utilizing a compact design.
Gear assembly 1 and gear assembly 2 of the Ever-Power 500/14 possess two selectable sun gears. The first gear stage of the stepped planet gears engages with sunlight gear #1. The next equipment step engages with sun gear #2. With sunlight gear 1 or 2 2 coupled to the axle,or the coupling of sun equipment 1 with the band gear, three ratio variations are achievable with each equipment assembly.
Direct Gear 1:1
Example Gear Assy (1) and (2)
With direct equipment selected in equipment assy (1) or (2), the sun gear 1 is coupled with the ring equipment in gear assy (1) or gear assy (2) respectively. The sun gear 1 and band gear then rotate with each other at the same quickness. The stepped world gears usually do not unroll. Therefore the apparatus ratio is 1:1.
Gear assy (3) aquires direct gear predicated on the same principle. Sunlight gear 3 and ring gear 3 are directly coupled.
Many “gears” are utilized for automobiles, however they are also utilized for many other machines. The most frequent one is the “transmission” that conveys the power of engine to tires. There are broadly two functions the transmission of a car plays : one is to decelerate the high rotation velocity emitted by the engine to transmit to tires; the other is to improve the reduction ratio relative to the acceleration / deceleration or traveling speed of a car.
The rotation speed of an automobile’s engine in the overall state of traveling amounts to at least one 1,000 – 4,000 rotations each and every minute (17 – 67 per second). Because it is not possible to rotate tires with the same rotation rate to perform, it is required to lessen the rotation speed using the ratio of the amount of gear teeth. This kind of a role is called deceleration; the ratio of the rotation speed of engine and that of wheels is named the reduction ratio.
Then, exactly why is it necessary to alter the reduction ratio relative to the acceleration / deceleration or driving speed ? The reason being substances need a large force to begin moving however they usually do not require such a big force to excersice once they have started to move. Automobile can be cited as an example. An engine, however, by its character can’t so finely modify its output. As a result, one adjusts its result by changing the decrease ratio employing a transmission.
The transmission of motive power through gears quite definitely resembles the principle of leverage (a lever). The ratio of the amount of the teeth of gears meshing with each other can be considered as the ratio of the length of levers’ arms. That is, if the reduction ratio is large and the rotation swiftness as output is lower in comparison to that as input, the power output by transmitting (torque) will be large; if the rotation speed as output is not so lower in comparison to that as input, however, the power output by transmission (torque) will be little. Thus, to improve the decrease ratio utilizing transmission is much comparable to the theory of moving things.
After that, how does a transmission alter the reduction ratio ? The answer is based on the system called a planetary equipment mechanism.
A planetary gear system is a gear system consisting of 4 components, namely, sunlight gear A, several planet gears B, internal gear C and carrier D that connects planet gears as observed in the graph below. It has a very complex structure rendering its style or production most difficult; it can understand the high reduction ratio through gears, however, it really is a mechanism suited to a reduction mechanism that requires both small size and powerful such as for example transmission for automobiles.
The planetary speed reducer & gearbox is some sort of transmission mechanism. It utilizes the quickness transducer of the gearbox to lessen the turnover amount of the motor to the required one and get a huge torque. How does a planetary gearbox work? We can find out more about it from the structure.
The main transmission structure of the planetary gearbox is planet gears, sun gear and band gear. The ring equipment is positioned in close get in touch with with the internal gearbox case. Sunlight equipment driven by the exterior power lies in the guts of the ring equipment. Between the sun gear and band gear, there is a planetary gear set comprising three gears similarly built-up at the planet carrier, which is floating among them relying on the support of the output shaft, ring gear and sun gear. When the sun equipment is actuated by the insight power, the earth gears will be powered to rotate and then revolve around the center along with the orbit of the ring equipment. The rotation of the earth gears drives the result shaft connected with the carrier to output the power.
Planetary speed reducer applications
Planetary speed reducers & gearboxes have a lot of advantages, like little size, light weight, high load capability, long service life, high reliability, low noise, large output torque, wide variety of speed ratio, high efficiency and so on. Besides, the planetary velocity reducers gearboxes in Ever-Power are designed for sq . flange, which are easy and hassle-free for installation and ideal for AC/DC servo motors, stepper motors, hydraulic motors etc.
Due to these advantages, planetary gearboxes are applicable to the lifting transportation, engineering machinery, metallurgy, mining, petrochemicals, construction machinery, light and textile sector, medical equipment, instrument and gauge, car, ships, weapons, aerospace and other industrial sectors.
The primary reason to use a gearhead is that it makes it possible to regulate a big load inertia with a comparatively small motor inertia. Without the gearhead, acceleration or velocity control of the strain would require that the motor torque, and therefore current, would need to be as much times better as the reduction ratio which is used. Moog offers an array of windings in each framework size that, coupled with a selection of reduction ratios, offers an range of solution to result requirements. Each combination of electric motor and gearhead offers exclusive advantages.
Precision Planetary Gearheads
gearheads
32 mm LOW PRICED Planetary Gearhead
32 mm Precision Planetary Gearhead
52 mm Precision Planetary Gearhead
62 mm Precision Planetary Gearhead
81 mm Precision Planetary Gearhead
120 mm Precision Planetary Gearhead
Planetary gearheads are ideal for transmitting high torques of up to 120 Nm. Generally, the larger gearheads include ball bearings at the gearhead result.
Properties of the Ever-Power planetary gearhead:
– For tranny of high torques up to 180 Nm
– Reduction ratios from 4:1 to 6285:1
– High performance in the smallest of spaces
– High reduction ratio in an extremely small package
– Concentric gearhead insight and output
Versions:
– Plastic version
– Ceramic version
– High-power gearheads
– Heavy-duty gearheads
– Gearheads with reduced backlash
80mm size inline planetary reducer for NEMA34 (flange 86mm) or NEMA42 stepper motor. Precision less than 18 Arcmin. High torque, compact size and competitive cost. The 16mm shaft diameter ensures balance in applications with belt tranny. Fast installation for your equipment.
80mm size inline planetary reducer for NEMA34 (flange 86mm) or NEMA42 stepper motor. Precision less than 18 Arcmin. High torque, compact size and competitive cost. The 16mm shaft diameter ensures stability in applications with belt tranny. Fast installation for your equipment.
1. Planetary ring gear material: metal steel
2. Bearing at result type: Ball bearing
3. Max radial load (12mm range from flange): 550N
4. Max shaft axial load: 500N
5. Backlash: 18 arcmin
6. Gear ratio from 3 to 216
7. Planetary gearbox duration from 79 to 107mm
NEMA34 Precision type Planetary Gearbox for nema 34 Gear Stepper Engine 50N.m (6944oz-in) Rated Torque
This gear ratio is 5:1, if need other gear ratio, please e mail us.
Input motor shaft request :
suitable with standard nema34 stepper engine shaft 14mm diameter*32 duration(Including pad height). (plane and Circular shaft and essential shaft both available)
The difference between your economical and precision Nema34 planetary reducer:
First of all: the economic and precise installation strategies are different. The input of the cost-effective retarder assembly is the keyway (ie the result shaft of the engine can be an assembleable keyway engine); the insight of the precision reducer assembly is certainly clamped and the insight motor shaft is a flat or circular shaft or keyway. The shaft could be mounted (take note: the keyway shaft could be removed after the key is removed).
Second, the economical and precision planetary gearboxes possess the same drawings and sizes. The main difference is: the material differs. Accurate gear products are superior to economical gear units when it comes to transmission efficiency and accuracy, along with heat and sound and torque output balance.